Authors: Xiao Bin Chen, Jia Sheng Zhang

Abstract: To study the granular soil’s rheological properties, a large triaxial rheological apparatus was developed by assemblying a axial pressure and confining pressure providing equipments for the SZ30-4 large scale triaxial apparatus, and the stability examinations proved that the stability of this pressure providing equipments was competent for granular soil’s rheological tests. The large triaxial rheological apparatus have the axial pressure ranging from 0 to 1.0 MPa, confining pressure of 50kPa, 100kPa, 150kPa, 200kPa, 250kPa and the soil sample dimension of Φ=300mm, h=600mm. A series of granular soil creep tests were executed on this apparatus. The tests discussion shows that stress conditions are the main factors, which affects the creep properties of granular soil. There are different rheological properties at different stress level. eg. at low stress level (S=0.1) for the elastic, at middling stress level (0.2~~0.8) for the non-linear viscous plastic. The total rheological strain nonlinearly increase with stress level increments but linearly increase with confining pressure increments. According to the discussion of redstone granular soil’s creep properties, a rheological component based on hyperbola function was presented, and a nonlinear viscous elastioplastic rheological constitutive model was set up by putting the component and the Burgers model in series. The creep properties analysis shows the rheological model can describe the granular soil’s whole rheological phase well.
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79

Authors: Hong Xiang Tang, Xing Zhang, Xi Hua Chu

Abstract: Three different numerical tests, i.e. no rolling test, free rolling test and rolling resistance test, in the framework of discrete element method (DEM) are carried out to simulate the micro-structure development in shear bands. The rotational angles and effective strain in the specimen under different conditions are given out. By contrast, it can be concluded that the development of shear bands in granular material can be simulated well when the rolling resistance is taken into account in DEM.

246

Authors: Michele Buonsanti, Giovanni Leonardi, Francesco Scoppelliti

Abstract: The prediction of the spacing and opening of cracks in asphalt or concrete pavements, and particularly in airports (runway, taxiway and apron) is important for the durability assessment. A basic problem is the spacing of parallel planar cracks from a half space surface, approached and solved by numerous authors by means of macro-scale computational models. The calculated values of crack spacing are in relatively good agreement with the values reported in observations on asphalt concrete pavements. The constituents of granular solids are, fundamentally, made of grain in contact and, these materials are highly discontinuous and non-homogeneous with two or three phases (solid, voids with air or water), and finally binding among solid parts. The aim of this paper is to suggest a micromechanical approach in granular material solids, focusing the attention on a simple RVE (representative volume element) based on two rigid particles linked through an adhesive material (bitumen). Our final aim is to propose a micro-damageability parameter (interface loss) supposing the adhesion decreasing under the action of prescribed tangential and normal relative displacement. The reduction is attributed by progressive damage and comes with energy dissipation and moreover we assume unilateral contact conditions for normal displacement and Coulomb friction for the tangential displacement.

497

Authors: Lu Lu Chi, Jian Min Qin, Xue Feng Chen

Abstract: The mechanical responses of granular materials are affected significantly by the properties of the individual particle. In order to establish the link between the micro and macro parameters, series of numerical biaxial simulations are carried out using two-dimensional discrete element method. The microscale mechanisms of mechanical behavior of granular materials are investigated through sensitivity analyses. The key influence of microscale parameters on the strength and deformation are discussed respectively. The peak strength depends on void ratio, friction coefficient and confining stress significantly. The elastic modulus is affected by friction coefficient, confining pressure and stiffness ratio, especially when the friction coefficient ranges from 0.1 to 0.3. The samples with different initial void ratio under the same loading condition can finally achieve the same critical state; the critical states at micro and macro scale are both independent of the initial void ratio.

441

Authors: Vladimir Lalin, Elizaveta Zdanchuk

Abstract: In this work we consider a mathematical model for granular medium. Here we claim that Reduced Cosserat continuum is a suitable model to describe granular materials. Reduced Cosserat Continuum is an elastic medium, where all translations and rotations are independent. Moreover a force stress tensor is asymmetric and a couple stress tensor is equal to zero. Here we establish the variational (weak) form of an initial boundary-value problem for the reduced Cosserat continuum. We calculate the variation of corresponding Hamiltonian to obtain motion differential equation.

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