Numerical Simulation on Mixed Mode I-II Crack Propagation Process in Concrete
A crack propagation criteria is proposed for mixed mode I-II fracture in concrete based on the initial cracking KⅠ-KⅡ curve obtained from experiment. Once the difference between the stress intensity factor at the crack tip caused by the external load and the one caused by the cohesive force attains the above KI-KII curve, the crack begins to propagate. Based on this criteria, the finite element method was used to simulate the mixed mode I-II crack initiation, stable propagation and unstable failure in concrete. For the four-point shear concrete specimens, the crack propagation trajectory and P-CMSD (Crack Mouth Sliding Displacement) curve were obtained. Upon the comparison with the experimental results, the calculated results show good agreement. It is concluded that, if the elastic modulus E, the uniaxial tensile strength ft and the initial cracking KI-KII curve of concrete are measured from experiment, the complete process of mixed mode I-II crack propagation can be simulated using the proposed criterion.
H.S. Lee, I.S. Yoon and M.H. Aliabadi
Q. Xu et al., "Numerical Simulation on Mixed Mode I-II Crack Propagation Process in Concrete", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 385-387, pp. 233-236, 2008