The Prediction Model of Cutting Forces Based on Johnson-Cook’s Flow Stress Model
Thin-walled parts with complex configurations are extensively used in aerospace and precise instrument industry. However, because of low stiffness, cutting forces, clamping forces and residual stresses in cutting have been the main factors influenced on machining accuracy of thin-walled parts. Furthermore, biggish deviation exists between practical finished surface and theoretical value as a result of machining deformation caused by cutting force namely “cutter relieving” phenomenon; besides, direct relation exists between determination of clamping force and generation of machining residual stress and cutting force, so it is necessary to build up accurate cutting force prediction model to improve the machining accuracy of thin-walled parts. Therefore, cutting force prediction model based on Johnson-Cook’s flow stress model and Oxley’s shear angle model has been developed, which takes the property of high strain, high strain ratio in area of cut and high cutting temperature into account fully and determines shear angle more accurately on the basis of force balance principle; with different cutting and tool geometric parameters existing, perform simulation and experiment studies on cutting force prediction model, verify the validity of prediction model and obtain the response rules resulted from cutting force prediction model acting on cutting and tool geometric parameters.
Guanglin Wang, Huifeng Wang and Jun Liu
H. T. Liu et al., "The Prediction Model of Cutting Forces Based on Johnson-Cook’s Flow Stress Model", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 392-394, pp. 1-6, 2009