Surface and Electrochemical Analysis of Titanium Submitted to Alkaline Treatment by SEM, XRD and EIS
Although titanium metal has been used intensively in the last years as biomaterial in the medical and dental areas its surface is not bioactive. In this work, titanium metal was submitted to an alkali treatment in order to make the metal surface bioactive. The samples were submitted to alkaline treatment (AT) using NaOH 5M aqueous solution at 60°C for 24 h and after that they were heated thermically to stabilize the layer obtained with AT. The bioactivity of the samples was evaluated soaking them into the simulated body fluid (SBF) at 36,5°C for 28 days. The morphological, structural changes and the electrochemical characterization were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy, x-ray diffraction and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), respectively. It was verified that after AT plus heat treatment (HT) a sodium titanate layer was formed on the samples surface and after the bioactivity tests an apatite layer was formed. Impedance analysis show that the resistance of film on Ti is high and this value increases when the sample is soaked in SBF. It means that the apatite (HPA) film is occurring and the value of the capacitance with the presence of the HPA film (Cp) values indicate that the film maintain a compact and uniform characteristics.
Marcelo Prado and Cecília Zavaglia
E. M. Szesz et al., "Surface and Electrochemical Analysis of Titanium Submitted to Alkaline Treatment by SEM, XRD and EIS", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 396-398, pp. 381-384, 2009