In this study, turning of the cemented carbides that their WC particle size was standardized were carried out with the PCD and the cBN tools. The WC particle diameter of cemented carbides was about 2µm and the Co contents were 10, 15, 20 and 25%, respectively. The influence of the WC particle size and Co contents was investigated. Summary of results are shown as follows: (1) In turning with the PCD tool, the more the Co contents increase, the more the tool wear increases. (2) In turning with the cBN tools, the more the Co contents of the work material increase, the more the tool wear decreases. (3) In turning of the cemented carbides contained the larger quantity of Co, the cBN tools are more effective than the PCD tool.