Stamping of Titanium Sheets
In this paper, some technological problems (e.g. low drawability, high susceptibility to galling, spring-back) occurring in the sheet-titanium forming process are discussed. A numerical simulation of the stamping process was carried out with the Adina System v.8.3 based on the finite element method. The effects of friction, the holding-down force and tool geometry on the course of the stamping process were analysed. The mechanical and technological material data needed for the calculations were determined experimentally. The friction coefficients for the frictional pair: ”titanium – tool steel” for different lubricants and antiadhesive layers determined in the “strip drawing” test were found. The role played by lubrication and antiadhesive layers in preventing titanium “build-ups” on the tools is presented. The calculated results were then confirmed experimentally.
B. Shirvani, R. Clarke, J. Duflou, M. Merklein, F. Micari and J. Griffiths
J. Adamus "Stamping of Titanium Sheets", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 410-411, pp. 279-288, 2009