Effect of Vacuum Arc Melting/Casting Parameters on Shrinkage Cavity/Piping of Austenitic Stainless Steel Ingot
Shrinkage cavity/piping at the end of the solidified ingot of steels is one of the most common casting problem in 316L austenitic stainless steel ingot, when consumable electrode is melted and cast in a water-cooled copper mould by vacuum arc re-melting furnace. In present study an effort has been made to reduce the size of shrinkage cavity/ piping by establishing the optimum value of hot topping process parameters at the end of the melting process. It is concluded that the shrinkage cavity/piping at the top of the solidified ingot can be reduced to minimum by adjusting the process parameters particularly the melting current density.
Shaheed Khan, Iftikhar us Salam and Karim Ahmed
J. Kamran et al., "Effect of Vacuum Arc Melting/Casting Parameters on Shrinkage Cavity/Piping of Austenitic Stainless Steel Ingot", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 442, pp. 59-65, 2010