Prediction of the Mechanical Properties of Hot-Rolled Low Carbon Steel Strips in Correlation to Chemical Compositions and Rolling Conditions
Seven thousand sets of data consisting of mechanical properties, chemical compositions, and rolling parameters of industrial hot-rolled coils were analysed using multiple regression. This was to establish empirical formulas to predict mechanical properties of steel as a function of chemical compositions and rolling parameters. The empirical formulas predicting yield strength (YS), ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and percentage of elongation (EL) of low carbon steel strip were obtained, e.g. YS = 461+ 418 C + 61.6 Mn + 796 P ¬– 303 S + 159 Si + 146 Cu + 204 Ni + 49.7 Cr + 1127 V + 1072 Ti + 3674 Nb – 266 Mo – 6299 B – 76.3 Al – 557 Sn – 3.54 THK – 0.00758 WID – 0.114 FT – 0.223 CT. The rolling parameters in equation included finishing temperature (FT), coiling temperature (CT), thickness (THK) and width (WID) of strip. R-Square values for the formulas predicting YS, UTS, and EL were 82.3%, 90.1%, and 75.8% respectively. These equations were validated by using another 120 hot-rolled coils. The averages of absolute values of the difference between the predicted and actual values of YS, UTS, and EL were 9.6 MPa, 7.8 MPa, and 2.7 % respectively. Correlation of chemical compositions and rolling conditions with mechanical properties was discussed in the paper.
Ahmad Kamal Ariffin, Shahrum Abdullah, Aidy Ali, Andanastuti Muchtar, Mariyam Jameelah Ghazali and Zainuddin Sajuri
J. Noppon and S. Chandra-ambhorn, "Prediction of the Mechanical Properties of Hot-Rolled Low Carbon Steel Strips in Correlation to Chemical Compositions and Rolling Conditions", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 462-463, pp. 401-406, 2011