The Effect of Sc on the Extrudability and Recrystallisation Resistance of Al-Mn-Zr-Alloys
As cast and precipitation annealed variants of Al-Mn-Zr-alloys with and without Sc have been extruded in order to study the effect of Sc on the extrudability and the recrystallisation resistance after extrusion and subsequent annealing. Both Zr and Sc form dispersoids, which retard recrystallisation very effectively in many aluminium alloys. However, while Al3Zr often is heterogeneously distributed, a dense and homogeneous distribution of Al3(Sc,Zr)-dispersoids is obtained when Sc is added. This was also the case in these alloys, and the Sc-containing variants consequently displayed a far higher recrystallisation resistance than the Sc-free variants during extrusion and subsequent annealing. Another advantage by adding Sc is that precipitation annealing no longer seems to be necessary in order to obtain a high recrystallisation resistance, as the Sccontaining variants displayed an identical structural stability. The Sc-free alloy, on the other hand, had to be precipitation annealed in order to be able to resist recrystallisation during extrusion. However, an addition of Sc leads to a lower extrudability, as the Sc-containing variants displayed significantly higher extrusion pressures than the Sc-free alloys.
B. Bacroix, J.H. Driver, R. Le Gall, Cl. Maurice, R. Penelle, H. Réglé and L. Tabourot
B. Forbord et al., "The Effect of Sc on the Extrudability and Recrystallisation Resistance of Al-Mn-Zr-Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 467-470, pp. 369-374, 2004