Synthesis and Crystal Structure of New Hydrides in Mg-RE Systems under High-Pressure (RE = La, Ce, Pr)

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The high-pressure synthesis of new hydrides of Mg-RE-H systems, where RE = La, Ce and Pr, were conducted by using a cubic-anvil-type apparatus, and their crystal structure, thermal stabilities and hydrogen contents were investigated. In MgH2-xmol%REH (REH = LaH3, CeH2.5 and PrH3), new hydrides with primitive tetragonal structure were synthesized around x = 25 - 33 under GPa-order high pressures. The lattice constants were a = 0.8193 nm, c = 0.5028 nm, a = 0.8118 nm, c = 0.4979 nm and a = 0.8058 nm, c= 0.4970 nm at x = 25 in Mg-La, Ce and Pr systems, respectively. The hydrogen contents of the novel compounds were 4.1 mass%, 3.7 mass% and 3.9 mass% in Mg-La, Ce and Pr systems, respectively, and the chemical formulas were found to correspond to Mg3LaH9, Mg3CeH8.1 and Mg3PrH9. The new hydrides decomposed into Mg and rare-earth hydride at about 600 K (Mg3LaH9: 614 K, Mg3CeH8.1: 609 K, Mg3PrH9: 630 K) with an endothermic reaction.

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Periodical:

Materials Science Forum (Volumes 475-479)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Z.Y. Zhong, H. Saka, T.H. Kim, E.A. Holm, Y.F. Han and X.S. Xie

Pages:

2521-2526

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.475-479.2521

Citation:

Y. Goto et al., "Synthesis and Crystal Structure of New Hydrides in Mg-RE Systems under High-Pressure (RE = La, Ce, Pr)", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 475-479, pp. 2521-2526, 2005

Online since:

January 2005

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$35.00

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