Bainitic Transformation Model in Low Alloy Carbon Steels Considering the Effect of Reaction Constant in JMA Equation
As a part of a study on modeling the microstructural evolution during the welding process, a prediction model of TTT diagram for bainite transformation was studied. This model consisted of a thermodynamic model for the bainite-start(Bs) temperature and a kinetic model for the bainite transformation. A kinetic model was empirically established for low alloy carbon steels, based on Johnson-Mehl-Avrami(JMA) equation. Reaction constants seemed not to have noticeable tendencies for temperatures and were averaged for each alloy. It was, however, found that the mean reaction constant significantly affected the reproducibility for the isothermal kinetics. Therefore, a calibration method to the kinetic parameter was proposed. From calibrations, rate constants were formulated as a function of alloying element and temperature. And TTT diagrams were calculated and compared with experiments.
Z.Y. Zhong, H. Saka, T.H. Kim, E.A. Holm, Y.F. Han and X.S. Xie
S. H. Uhm et al., "Bainitic Transformation Model in Low Alloy Carbon Steels Considering the Effect of Reaction Constant in JMA Equation", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 475-479, pp. 3157-3160, 2005