High Temperature Oxidation of Ti45.4Al4.8Nb and Ti46Al2Mo2Nb Alloys
The Ti46Al2Nb2Mo and Ti45.4Al4.8Nb alloys were oxidized isothermally and cyclically in air between 800 and 1000oC, and their oxidation characteristics were investigated. Nb and Mo were beneficial to oxidation resistance. The initially formed thin TiO2-rich scale changed to an outer, superficial TiO2 layer, a thick Al2O3-rich middle layer, and an inner (TiO2-rich, Al2O3-deficient) layer, as the extent of oxidation progressed. The dissolved ions of Mo and Nb had a tendency to be expelled from the outer TiO2 layer, which was formed by the outward diffusion of Ti ions, to the inner (TiO2-rich, Al2O3-deficient) layer, which was formed by the inward transport of oxygen, owing to the nobility of Mo and Nb when compared to Ti and Al.
Z.Y. Zhong, H. Saka, T.H. Kim, E.A. Holm, Y.F. Han and X.S. Xie
J.W. Kim and D. B. Lee, "High Temperature Oxidation of Ti45.4Al4.8Nb and Ti46Al2Mo2Nb Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 475-479, pp. 801-804, 2005