Gas Sensing Characteristics of ZnO-doped SnO2 Sensors for Simulants of the Chemical Agents
After the 9∙11 terrorism and America-Iraq war, apprehension of mass destruction weapons such as bio-chemical agents calls for much more sensitive sensors which can detect toxic gases. In this study, semiconductor gas sensors based on tin oxide were examined to detect chemical agent simulants: dimethyl-methyl-phosponate (DMMP), di(propylene glycol) methyl ether (DPGME), acetonitrile, and dichloromethane. DMMP((CH3O)3), DPGME(C7H16O3), acetonitrile(CH3CN), and dichloromethane(CH2Cl2) gases are the simulants of nerve agent-sarin, vesicant agent-HN(N(CH2CH2Cl)3), blood agent-AC(HCN), and choking agent-CG(COCl2) gases, repectively. The SnO2 powder was prepared by a coprecipitation method from the mixture of tin chloride and zinc acetate dihydrate. Zinc oxide was doped into SnO2 from 1 wt% to 4 wt% to improve its reliability and sensitivity. To fabricate a thick film, powders were made into paste with organic binder of ethyl cellulose and screen-printed on the alumina substrate. The phase development and morphology of ZnO-doped SnO2 film were investigated by XRD (X-ray diffraction analysis), BET (surface and pore size analyzer), and SEM (scanning electron microscope). The gas sensing characteristics for target gases were examined with a flow-type measurement system. The concentrations of simulants were controlled from 500 ppb to 1500 ppb, and working temperatures were regulated from 250 to 400 .
Hyung Sun Kim, Sang-Yeop Park, Bo Young Hur and Soo Wohn Lee
K.-H. Yun et al., "Gas Sensing Characteristics of ZnO-doped SnO2 Sensors for Simulants of the Chemical Agents", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 486-487, pp. 9-12, 2005