Characterisation of Bimodal Grain Structures and Their Dependence on Inhomogeneous Precipitate Distribution during Casting
Bimodal grain size distributions were found in continuously cast slab and thermomechanical controlled rolled (TMCR) samples of Nb-microalloyed steel. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed inhomogeneous distributions of Al- and Nb-containing precipitates, which were found to pin prior austenite grain boundaries during reheating. An effort has been made to establish parameters to quantify the extent of bimodality of reheated and rolled microstructures. Quantification of bimodality using peak grain size range, (PGSR) and peak height ratio, (PHR), is found to match closely with the visual observation of bimodality. Thermo-Calc software was used to predict the sequence of precipitation for different compositions and that could explain the formation of bimodality during reheating.
J.M. Rodriguez-Ibabe, I. Gutiérrez, B. López and A. Iza-Mendia
D.J. Chakrabarti et al., "Characterisation of Bimodal Grain Structures and Their Dependence on Inhomogeneous Precipitate Distribution during Casting ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 500-501, pp. 613-622, 2005