Metallurgical and Mechanical Heterogeneity in Weld Materials Considering Multiple Heat Cycles and Phase Transformation
Joint performances such as tensile strength and hardness in multi-pass welds are induced from both metallurgical and mechanical heterogeneity due to the difference of welding conditions. Hardness distribution in multi-pass weld metal is evaluated with a numerical simulation considering multiple heat cycles and phase transformation. Hardness of multipass weld metal is calculated with the rule of mixture by using fraction and hardness of each microstructure. In order to calculate fraction of each microstructure, CCT diagram was used. Conventional CCT diagrams of weld metal is not available even for single pass weld metal, thus new diagrams for multi-pass weld metals are created in this study. Modified diagrams for multi-pass weld metals with reheating effect were more dependent on the maximum temperature in reheating than the welding conditions. Hardness distribution is precisely predicted when the created CCT diagram for the multipass weld metal was used and the detailed calculation of weld thermal cycle is done.
Yukichi Umakoshi and Shinji Fujimoto
M. Toyoda et al., "Metallurgical and Mechanical Heterogeneity in Weld Materials Considering Multiple Heat Cycles and Phase Transformation", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 512, pp. 19-24, 2006