Synthesis, Preparation and Catalytic Activities of V-Doped TiO2 Gel Coating on Porous α-Al2O3 Beads
TiO2 and V-doped TiO2 gel were synthesized and coated onto porous α-Al2O3 beads to study the thermal catalytic activities of oxidation reactions. Titanium isopropoxide (Ti(OPr)4) and 1,2-butadiol(Bu(OH)2) were used as starting chemicals for preparation of TiO2 gel without Vdoping. After aging at ambient temperature for one week, a TiO2 gel was obtained. The concentration of Ti(OPr)4 was varied, 0.2, 0.3, 0.7 and 2.4 M was used. For V-doping of the TiO2 gel, 0.05, 0.20 and 0.75 mole% of V was prepared by ultrasonically dissolving vanadium acetylacetone (V(acac)2) in 1,2-butadiol. The solutions were then added to Ti(OPr)4. Finally, the mixed solutions were kept under ambient temperature for one week to form the V-doped TiO2 gel. TiO2 and V-doped TiO2 were calcined at 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, and 800 °C. XRD analysis, SEM and TEM in conjunction with EDS analysis were used to identify the phases present, grain size and morphology. The TiO2 grains have a particle size in the nano-scale range. Doping TiO2 with V could retard growth of the TiO2 particles and affect phase transformation at higher calcination temperatures. Both the TiO2 and V-doped TiO2 gels were prepared and coated onto α-Al2O3 beads to test oxidation reactions in a purpose-designed reactor. The results of the catalytic reactions indicated that V-doped TiO2 had a higher oxidation activity than the undoped TiO2 gel. The content of vanadium was related to the reaction efficiency.
Hyungsun Kim, Junichi Hojo and Soo Wohn Lee
A. Jaroenworaluck et al., "Synthesis, Preparation and Catalytic Activities of V-Doped TiO2 Gel Coating on Porous α-Al2O3 Beads ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 544-545, pp. 147-150, 2007