We focused on the surface reinforcement of ligth weight casting alloys with Ni3Al intermetallic compounds by in-situ combustion reaction to improve the surface properties of nonferrous casting components. In the present work, by setting the mixture of elemental Ni and Al powders in a casting mold, the powder mixture reacted to form Ni3Al intermetallic compound by SHS reaction ignited by the heat of molten AZ91D Mg alloy and simultaneously bonded with the Mg casting alloy. The AZ91D Mg alloy bonded with the Ni3Al intermetallic compound was sectioned and observed by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy(SEM). The chemical composition of intermetallic compounds and diffusion layer formed around bonding interface were identified by energy dispersive spectroscopy(EDS), X-ray diffraction analysis(XRD) and electron probe micro analyzer(EPMA). The main intermetallic compound was Ni3Al phase and a little Ni2Al3 intermetallic compound was formed from the Ni and Al powder mixtures. Residual pores were observed in the synthesized intermetallic compound. The AZ91D Mg alloy and Ni3Al intermetallic compound were bonded very soundly by the interdiffusion of Mg, Ni and Al elements, but some cracks were observed around the bonded interface on the interdiffusion layer. The diffusion length formed between AZ91D Mg alloy and Ni3Al was different depending on the diffusivity of Ni and Al elements into the molten Mg alloy. Ni was more deeply diffused into the Mg alloy than Al. The diffusion layer was about 200m thickness and various phases were formed by the interdiffusion of Mg, Ni and Al. From this challenge we have successfully produced a coating layer based on nickel aluminide on ligth weight Mg alloy using molten metal heat without any additional process. On the basis of the results obtained, it is concluded that near-net shaped nickel aluminide coating layer can be formed using this unique process.