Mechanical Approach for Prediction of Microcracking in Multipass Weld Metal of Ni-Base Alloy 690
The occurrence of microcracks, especially ductility-dip crack in multipass weld metal during GTAW and laser overlay welding processes of Ni-base alloy 690 was predicted by the mechanical approach. The stress/strain analysis in multipass welds was conducted using the thermo elasto-plastic finite element method. The brittle temperature range for ductility-dip cracking (DTR) of the reheated weld metal was determined by the Varestraint test. Plastic strain in the weld metal accumulated with applying the weld thermal cycle in multipass welding. The plastic strain-temperature curve in the La free weld metal did not cross the DTR in the cooling stage of GTAW process, however, it crossed the DTR in the cooling stage of reheating process by subsequent welding. On the other hand, the plastic strain-temperature curves of any weld passes in the La added weld metal did not cross the DTR. Ductility-dip cracks occurred in the La free weld metal except for the final layer, however, any ductility-dip cracks did not occur in the La added weld metal during multipass welding. It could be understood that ductility-dip crack would occur during not only single-pass welding but also multipass welding when plastic strain intersected the DTR.
Changhee Lee, Jong-Bong Lee, Dong-Hwan Park and Suck-Joo Na
K. Saida et al., "Mechanical Approach for Prediction of Microcracking in Multipass Weld Metal of Ni-Base Alloy 690", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 580-582, pp. 1-4, 2008