Strength Improvement of Cordierite Foams by a Dip Coating Method
The structure and morphological aspects of highly porous (higher than 90%) cordierite (Mg2Al4Si5O18) foams, prepared by a direct foaming method, have been evaluated by Scanning Electron Microscopy analysis. The resulting ceramic foams consisted of a three-dimensional array of struts forming a well-defined open-cell structure. This type of structure seems very attractive for catalyst support purposes. Attempts have been made in order to control the pore structure since it directly affects the physical properties, namely the mechanical strength. In this respect, the use of a dip coating method to improve the strength of the resulting foams was found to be effective in reducing defects (e.g. pores, flaws) in the struts. Based on image analysis, estimated mean cell sizes were about 550 µm whereas strut thicknesses varied in the range of 60-70 µm. The compressive strength of the developed foams increased by one order of magnitude (0.1 to 1 MPa) by increasing the relative density from 0.06 to 0.18.
António Torres Marques, António Fernando Silva, António Paulo Monteiro Baptista, Carlos Sá, Fernando Jorge Lino Alves, Luís Filipe Malheiros and Manuel Vieira
E. R. Silva et al., "Strength Improvement of Cordierite Foams by a Dip Coating Method", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 587-588, pp. 123-127, 2008