This work has for objective to characterize the clay from Vale do Mulembá-ES. The Vale do Mulembá is located in Joana D´Arc, Vitória in Espírito Santo State, Brazil. That clay is used in the production of the traditional clay pans of the State, what contributes to the economy of the area. The clay from Vale do Mulembá presents characteristics and behavior different from the other clays used for the production of clay pans. The characterization studies were carried out through chemical analysis, X-ray diffraction, particle size distribution, plasticity and thermal analyses (DTA, TGA). The results showed that the clay is typical kaolinitic, present relatively to the amount high of Al2O3 and high plasticity.