This paper deals with the effect of cutting speed on chip fracture strain in high speed cutting. Firstly, a chip-fracture-strain-measuring device is designed and made according to chip breaking principle. Secondly, experiments are performed by the chip-fracture-strain-measuring device. The experiment results show that chip fracture strain increases first and then diminishes as cutting speed increasing in high speed cutting while feedrate and depth of cut are constant values. Lastly, the effect of cutting speed on chip fracture strain is theoretically analysed from three main factors which affect chip fracture strain. The study above lays a theory and basis for future investigation of chip fracture strain of the other metals and for future investigation the mechanism and chip breaking forecast system of 3-D groove insert in high speed cutting.