Study on Theoretical Basis and Process Optimization for Solar Grade Silicon Fabrication
As solar energy is inexhaustible, solar cells have become one of the options to the future energy. The raw material silicon as one of the Earth's most abundant resources elements, have the advantage of non-toxic, no pollution, no radiation, high photoelectric conversion efficiency, stability and reliability of optical performance become the main raw material for production of solar cells. Because of its supply is limited, We used relatively inexpensive metallurgical grade silicon as a starting material to produce solar grade silicon for solar cells is considered relatively inexpensive method. Therefore, the removal of impurities from metal silicon witch reduce solar cell carrier lifetime and thus reducing its power generation efficiency is a significant issue. To this end, according to impurities in molten silicon and solid silicon demonstrated various characteristics and existence forms, in this paper we used acid leaching, directional solidification, electron and magnetic field, vacuum melting, blow reactive gases and so on to fabricate solar grade silicon from metal silicon in theory to analyze and optimize process.
Yuan Ming Huang
Y. C. Gao and B. T. Zhao, "Study on Theoretical Basis and Process Optimization for Solar Grade Silicon Fabrication", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 663-665, pp. 1069-1072, 2011