Polyphenylcarbosilane (PPCS) was synthesized from thermal rearrangement of the polymethylphenylsilane around 350 ~ 430°C. Characterization of synthesized PPCS was performed with FT-IR spectroscopy analysis. From FT-IR data, the band at 1035cm-1 is very strong and assigned to CH2 bending vibration in Si-CH2-Si group, indicating the formation of the PPCS. Ceramic thin film was fabricated onto stainless substrate by dip coating using a 20wt% PPCS in toluene. Heat treatment of the samples was performed at various temperatures (600°C and 800°C) under nitrogen atmospheres. The prepared PPCS samples and the coating layers on SUS316 after heat treatment were analyzed using FT-IR and XPS, respectively.