Hot Tearing Susceptibility and Fluidity of Semi-Solid Gravity Cast Al-Cu Alloy
Aluminum-copper alloys offer both high strength and excellent ductility suitable for a number of automotive applications to reduce vehicle weight; however, the alloys are difficult to cast because of their tendency for hot tearing. In this work, semi-solid gravity casting of an aluminum-copper alloy, B206, was conducted in constrained rod casting molds to study the feasibility of using the process to reduce or eliminate hot tearing. To demonstrate the feasibility of gravity casting of the metal slurries, a fluidity test was also conducted. Results show that the hot tearing susceptibility of the aluminum-copper B206 alloy cast in semi-solid state is lower than those cast in liquid state with high superheat temperatures. The grain size of the semi-solid cast Al-Cu samples appears to be finer than those cast in liquid state with high superheat temperatures. In addition, the metal slurries had sufficient fluidity to fill the molds even with low gravity pressures. The results suggest that semi-solid gravity casting is a feasible process to help reduce hot tearing.
C.G. Kang, S.K. Kim and S.Y. Lee
J. Wannasin et al., "Hot Tearing Susceptibility and Fluidity of Semi-Solid Gravity Cast Al-Cu Alloy", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 116-117, pp. 76-79, 2006