Influences of Elastic Stress and Interfacial Kinetic Barrier on Phase Evolution Paths of Thin-Film Diffusion Couples
An explicit, finite difference scheme was used to examine the effects of coherency stresses and interface kinetic barriers on the phase evolution of a binary, thin-film diffusion couple. Thin-films, initially consisting of alternating layers of two terminal phases, α and γ, were held at a temperature at which the formation of an intermediate phase, β, at α/γ interface was thermodynamically probable. When either the coherency stresses or interface kinetic barriers are present, the interfacial compositions become time-dependent and, thus, the formation of the thermodynamically stable β phase can be kinetically prohibited at the early stage of the evolution. Even if the initial α/γ thin-films have the same overall composition, the coherency constraint can result in different final equilibrium states depending on either the initial compositions of the α and γ phases or the relative magnitudes of the interfacial kinetic barriers. When both the coherency constraint and interfacial kinetic barriers are present, an intermediate phase can repeatedly form and disappear during the evolution.
Jang Hyun Sung, Chan Gyu Lee, Yong Zoo You, Young Kook Lee and Jae Young Kim
J. Y. Huh and J. P. Hong, "Influences of Elastic Stress and Interfacial Kinetic Barrier on Phase Evolution Paths of Thin-Film Diffusion Couples", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 118, pp. 405-412, 2006