In this work the influence of value of single draft on mechanical-technological properties of high carbon steel wires was evaluated. For wires drawn with medium single draft (10.4 %, 15.5 % and 26.5 %) the investigation of mechanical-technological properties was performed thereby providing results on yield strength, tensile strength, elongation, contraction, number of twist and number of band. On the basis of numerical analysis of wire drawing process the influence of the value of single draft on inhomogeneity of strain was determined. It was established that in the range of medium single drafts 10-26 % used in drawing process of high carbon steel wires large single drafts cause the increase of their strength properties by deterioration of their plasticity properties. It was demonstrated that the increase of strength properties in wires drawn with larger single drafts is related to the occurrence of higher non-dilatational strain, which cause additional work hardening of material. The theoretical-experimental analysis of drawing of high carbon steel wires enabled evaluation of optimal value of single drafts by which it can be used relatively the most advantageous useful properties of wires. Obtained research results can be applied while designing the production process of high carbon steel wires.