Limit Wind Loads of a Concrete Filled Steel-Tube Transmission Tower
Limit wind loads of a Concrete Filled Steel-Tube (CFST) transmission tower in a long-span tower-line system is computed. Firstly, fine Finite Element Method (FEM) model of the tower and its Multiple-Degrees-Of-Freedom (MDOF) model are built and the material nonlinear models including steel-tube and CFST are also modeled. Secondly, based on MDOF model, mean displacements under mean wind force are evaluated and the Root Mean Square Displacement (RMSD) under fluctuating wind force is also evaluated by random vibration theory. Then, Equivalent Static Wind Loads (ESWL) are computed considering the first three order modes. Finally, based on FEM model, the nodes are loaded by the ESWL and the nodal loads increase step by step in order to impel materials into plastic status until calculation can not converge. Plastic analysis shows the tower’s failure is caused by steel-tube element failure and the CFST elements have enough strength reserve. The tower’s three kinds of limit wind loads are computed based on different references and it is suggested to select the limit wind loads, whose corresponding wind velocity is 69.7m/s, as the design limit wind loads of the tower.
Paul P. Lin and Chunliang Zhang
T. H. Xiong and S. G. Liang, "Limit Wind Loads of a Concrete Filled Steel-Tube Transmission Tower", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 105-107, pp. 1697-1704, 2012