Experimental Study on Clear Water Scour around Bridge Piers
This study analyzed the characteristics of bridge scoured by clear water according to 14 groups of laboratory experiments. The formulation of critical velocity based on historical equations of clear water scour was concluded for the test circumstances in laboratory. The experimental conditions include the variation of flow velocity, sediment cover depth, and diameter of bridge pier/bases. The erosion status prior to the maximum scour depth was recorded by a pinhole camera, and, in general, the equilibrium scour depth was reached after 24 hours. The maximum scour depth increases as the sand cover depth decreases. As the same sediment depth, the fast flow velocity will induce the deep scour depth with respect to the slow flow velocity. The same result can be observed for the large diameter of pier (or base) versus the small one. The maximum scour depths in the front of the pier are always deeper than that behind the pier.
Dongye Sun, Wen-Pei Sung and Ran Chen
Y. M. Hong et al., "Experimental Study on Clear Water Scour around Bridge Piers", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 121-126, pp. 162-166, 2012