This paper establishes position error model based on parallel robot kinematics theory, and analyses position error of the 3-TPS hybrid machine tool. Firstly, to calculate position error of the movable plate caused by the parallel mechanism links, through error model of the parallel mechanism which is established through inverse kinematics of the hybrid machine tool. Then, according to the error model of constraint mechanism established by transformation matrix method, the position error has been simulated and calculated. Finally, this paper compares the effects of both mechanisms. The analysis indicates the link error of constraint mechanism has more influence on movable plate posture than parallel mechanism, and provides help with motion error compensation and kinematic calibration.