Long-Period Displacement Spectra of Near-Fault Strong-Motion from Tremendous Earthquakes
The characteristics of near-fault ground motion displacements, with the obvious directivity, were analyzed. Along moving direction of the fault, displacements take on the feature of fling-step, and the large pulse is the main characteristic of displacements in the vertical moving direction of the fault. The models of near-fault ground motion with different detailed scales can be obtained by median filtering with different window length on the velocity series. Displacement spectra of the models were compared with observations from tremendous earthquakes. The results show that the highly simplified model can predict the response spectrum in very long periods, but there are distinct errors in the period range in which engineering is interested (Tp 5 sec). The refined model is necessary for very large magnitude earthquakes which include multiple rupture, and should be established according to characteristics of velocity.
Weijun Yang and Qiusheng Li
H. Li et al., "Long-Period Displacement Spectra of Near-Fault Strong-Motion from Tremendous Earthquakes", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 204-208, pp. 2405-2409, 2012