Anti-Corrosion Properties of the Reactive Anode and Cathode Inhibitor by Electrochemical Treatment in Aqueous
The durability of a concrete structure is most significantly influenced by the corrosion of reinforcing bars, rather than by the deterioration of concrete itself. The corrosion of reinforcement bars due to chloride serves as a main deterioration factor at the interface between the bars and the concrete in the concrete structure. Accordingly, the corrosion inhibitors are widely used to improve the resistance to chloride penetration into reinforced concrete. Corrosion inhibitors are generally divided into the anode-type inorganic inhibitors and anode-cathode-type organic inhibitors, in terms of the reaction type. It is known that when the Cl-:OH- concentration ratio exceeds 0.6%, film on passive state metal on the bar-concrete interface is damaged and local corrosion starts regardless of the chloride ion content. In this study, the performance of the corrosion inhibitor was examined using a potentiostat, with chloride ion contents of 1.2kg/m3 (as reference), 2.4kg/m3, and 4.8kg/m3. The variables were the inhibitor type, Cl-:OH- molar ratio according to the addition of anode-type inorganic corrosion inhibitor (four ratios: 0.0%, 0.3%, 0.6% and 1.2%), and ratio compared to the standard anode-cathode-type organic corrosion inhibitor liquid (four ratios: 0.0, norm 1/2, norm, norm 2 times). As a result, with the anode-type inorganic nitrite corrosion inhibitor, the corrosion inhibition performance was verified with a corrosion potential of -0.30V at a molar ratio of 0.3% or higher when the chloride ion content was 1.2kg/m3, and at a molar ratio of 0.6% or higher when the chloride ion content was 2.4kg/m3 or 4.8kg/m3. With the anode-cathode-type organic corrosion inhibitor, the corrosion inhibition performance was very good at half the standard quantity (0.42kg/m3) regardless of the chloride ion content. From the added corrosion inhibitor quantities, the anode-cathode-type organic corrosion inhibitor had a better corrosion inhibition performance than the anode-type inorganic nitrite corrosion inhibitor.
H. S. Lee and H. S. Ryu, "Anti-Corrosion Properties of the Reactive Anode and Cathode Inhibitor by Electrochemical Treatment in Aqueous", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 284-287, pp. 31-34, 2013