Performance Study for Storage-Type Domestic Electrical Water-Heaters with Double Tank Based on the CFD Simulation
The 3D physical model of the electrical water heater was built. The mathematical model of hot flow was resolved by computer fluid dynamics simulation (CFD). The effects of the rate of water draw on the heater performance have been investigated. The heater performance is characterized the discharge efficiency, extraction efficiency and fraction of heat recoverable. It was 85.9%, 66.0% and 70.9% respectively, and it was 74.0%, 27.3% and 39.9% respectively with discharge rate was 10L/min when all initial hot water temperature was 70°C. The water inner the water tank of draw rate 5L/min was well thermal stratification. It was also expatiated by the distribution temperature of CFD simulation.
D. X. Wang and Z. J. Zhang, "Performance Study for Storage-Type Domestic Electrical Water-Heaters with Double Tank Based on the CFD Simulation", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 29-32, pp. 1701-1705, 2010