A 34 to 36 GHz Vector Modulator for Reflected Power Canceller Techniques in LFMCW Radar
In this paper, a 34 to 36 GHz vector modulator for using in low cost and high performance RPC (Reflected Power Canceller) is presented. The key circuit consists of two push-pull (bi-phase) attenuators arranged in phase quadrature and a 3dB quadrature coupler (branch line couplers but not Lange couplers which is different from traditional circuits in Ka band) and a Wilkinson combiner, and then transition from micro-strip to waveguide using antipodal finline. To fully exploit this circuit’s capacity to generate accurate constellations at millimeter-wave frequencies, a generalized theoretical analysis of the (push-pull) vector modulator is presented. Based on the theoretical model and the measured results, the I-Q (push-pull) vector modulator promises to be a vital component for the realization of reflected power canceller in LFMCW (Linear Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave) radar.
Zhu Zhilin & Patrick Wang
M. Zhang et al., "A 34 to 36 GHz Vector Modulator for Reflected Power Canceller Techniques in LFMCW Radar", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 40-41, pp. 283-286, 2011