The drop test for the thin 2A12 conical shells was developed on a drop hammer. The dynamical responses, typical deformation histories and failure mode of the shells were presented. The drop impact response of the thin conical shells were numerically simulated and analyzed in detail by using the explicit, nonlinear transient dynamic code, LS-DYNA. In the calculation, the material plastic behavior of the conical shells was described by Johnson-Cook constitutive relationship, which includes the effects of the strain rate, strains harden and temperatures soften. The deformation and failure model of the conical shell obtained from the numerical simulation were consistent well with the experiment. It was shown that the calculation method, material model and the failure criterion were available. The test and numerical simulation results were all shown that the failure mode was different because of the different drop height.