An Investigation Hydrodynamic Fluid Pressure at Wedge-Shaped Gap between Grinding Wheel and Workpiece
In the grinding process, conventional method of flood delivering coolant fluid by a nozzle in order to achieve good surface integrity. However, hydrodynamic fluid pressure can be generated ahead of the contact zone due to the wedge effect between wheel peripheral surface and work surface. In the paper, a theoretical hydrodynamic pressure modeling is presented for flow of coolant fluid through the grinding zone in flood delivery grinding. Moreover, coolant induced force can be calculated by integrate the hydrodynamic pressure distribution over the whole contact length. The theoretical results show that the hydrodynamic pressure was proportion to grinding wheel velocity, and inverse proportion to the minimum gap between wheel and work surface and the maximum pressure value was generated just in the minimum gap region in which higher fluid pressure gradient occuring. It can also be concluded the pressure distribution was uniform in the direction of width of wheel except at the edge of wheel because of the side-leakage.
C. H. Li et al., "An Investigation Hydrodynamic Fluid Pressure at Wedge-Shaped Gap between Grinding Wheel and Workpiece", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 44-47, pp. 970-974, 2011