Numerical Study of Marangoni Convection around a Single Vapor Bubble during Pool Boiling
Boiling is known to be a very efficient mode of heat transfer in earth gravity, however, in microgravity bubble behavior is different because the buoyancy effects are replaced by surface tension effects such as Marangoni convection. The modeling of nucleate boiling with the effect of Marangoni convection in 0 g is accomplished by using Phase Field Method. Numerical simulation is carried out of single nucleating vapor bubble on a heated wall with and without Marangoni convection. The results show that the flow field consists of a major vortex that recirculates colder fluid from the upper region, pulling it toward the hot surface to the point where the bubble meets the heated surface. This type of flow pattern has been observed in various experiments.
C. L. Xu et al., "Numerical Study of Marangoni Convection around a Single Vapor Bubble during Pool Boiling", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 624, pp. 262-266, 2014