Preparation and Properties of Hydrophobic Silica Aerogels by Ambient Pressure Drying Method
Silica alcogels were prepared by hydrolysis with hydrochloric acid and condensation with NH4OH of ethanol diluted tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) precursor and trimethylchlorosilane and hexane as surface modifying agent. The physical properties such as density, appearance, hydrophobicity, surface area, pore size distribution and thermal stability were measured. It was found that the physical and hydrophobic properties of the silica aerogels depend on the TMCS/hexane (V) volume ratio. The density decreased with increase of V, and the aerogels are more hydrophobic as V=3%. The aerogels were thermally stable up to a temperature of 350 °C, and the aerogel prepared has a high surface area and large pore volume.
Dongye Sun, Wen-Pei Sung and Ran Chen
H. Wang et al., "Preparation and Properties of Hydrophobic Silica Aerogels by Ambient Pressure Drying Method", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 71-78, pp. 1040-1043, 2011