Safety Analysis of Tunnel in Gob of High Steep Thick Coal Seam (II) - 3-D Numerical Simulation for Mechanics of Initial and Secondary Support Structure
Taking Wusongshan Tunnel in Tongling City as an example, three-dimensional numerical simulation of new large span highway tunnel built directly through gob of steep coal seam is carried out to study the response of tunnel structure induced by mining. The results showed that, (1) Though immediately backfilling after extraction can prevent the tunnel structure from impact of mining below the tunnel, it is still necessary to forbid extraction below the tunnel consildering the duration time of the extraciton and backfilling activity. (2) Considering the long-term settlement of gob of steep coal seam, net height of the tunnel should be enlarged 50cm to ensure enough space for operation. (3) The tensile and pressive stress of the support structure in the bottom and roof section of the gob are obviously high than other, so comperihencive measures should be taken to reinforce the structure, especially to increase the tensile strength in axial direction. (4) Fortification intensity can be reduced but the fortification should be enlarged if the continuous reinforcement by steel bar is used at the radial construction joints. Based on these results, treatment plan were developed for Wusongshan Tunnel, which can also be refered for other similar projects.
Dongye Sun, Wen-Pei Sung and Ran Chen
W. B. Lu et al., "Safety Analysis of Tunnel in Gob of High Steep Thick Coal Seam (II) - 3-D Numerical Simulation for Mechanics of Initial and Secondary Support Structure", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 71-78, pp. 1539-1545, 2011