Dynamic Analysis of Three Types of Bioprosthetic Heart Valves

Abstract:

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This paper constructs three types of bioprosthetic valve leaflets’ parametric model via computer aided design, a series of accurate parameters of the bioproshtetic heart valve, such as radius of the sutural ring, height of the supporting stent and inclination of the supporting stent, are determined. Numerical simulation is used to determine the effect of different shape designs on the mechanical performance of the bioprosthetic valve leaflet. The dynamic behavior of the valve during diastolic phase is analyzed. The finite element analysis results show the stress distribution of the ellipsoidal and spherical valve leaflets are comparatively reasonable. The ellipsoidal and spherical valve leaflets have the following advantages over the cylindrical leaflet valve, lower peak von-Mises stress, smaller stress concentration area, and relatively uniform stress distribution. The ellipsoidal and spherical valve leaflets may contribute to the long term durability of the valve. This work is very helpful to manufacture valvular leaflets with reasonable shapes and to prolong the lifetime of the bioprosthetic heart valve.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

Dongye Sun, Wen-Pei Sung and Ran Chen

Pages:

2683-2688

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.71-78.2683

Citation:

X. Ye et al., "Dynamic Analysis of Three Types of Bioprosthetic Heart Valves", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 71-78, pp. 2683-2688, 2011

Online since:

July 2011

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Price:

$35.00

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