Tension rocker bearing (TRB) cables installed at auxiliary piers were critical members to sustain the structural system in a prestressed concrete cable-stayed bridge. Once these cables fractured or broken, its structural system would be transferred. Based on diseases caused by fracture of TRB cables in Yonghe Bridge, corresponding maintenance or strengthening measures were described in detail. These measures included replacement of TRB cables, strengthening of the closure segment of main girder at each side span, and adjustment of stay cable forces. Monitoring results showed that, its structural system was finally and completely rehabilitated, and the safety factor of new TRB cables is enough under the most unfavorable load combination. Moreover, the line shape of main girder and the inclined displacement at the top of each pylon were improved effectively. Thus, Yonghe Bridge accumulated some valuable experience for maintenance or strengthening of existing prestressed concrete cable-stayed bridges, and also made a useful exploration.