Physical models of layered rock mass with different dip angles are built by physical model test in accordance with the bias failure characteristics of surrounding rocks of layered rock mass in Gonghe Tunnel. Bias failure characteristics of surrounding rocks in thin-layered rock mass and influences of layered rock mass dip angle on stability of tunnel are studied. The research results show that failure characteristics of physical models generally coincide with those of surrounding rocks monitored from the tunnel site. The failure regions of surrounding rock perpendicular to the stratification planes are obviously larger than those parallel to. The stress distributions and failure characteristics in the surrounding rocks are similar to each physical model of different dip angles. The stress distributions and failure regions are all elliptic in shape, in which the major axis is in the direction perpendicular to the stratification planes while the minor axis is parallel to them. As a result, obvious bias failure of surrounding rocks has gradually formed. The physical model tests provide reliable basis for theoretical analysis on the failure mechanism of deep-buried layered rock mass.