Cap plays a transitional role in the structure. It is an important part to ensure the effective pass of load between the upper structure and the foundation. In the bridge, water tank, ocean platforms, oil tank and other large-scale structures, the force mechanism and force mode about cap are more and more valued by researchers. The research method about large cap structure mainly includes theoretical research, experimental research, numerical simulation and other aspects. This article summarizes the domestic research status, reviews and compares the caps’ numerical simulation methods and analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of different models. Finally, some problems are proposed for further research, which can provide references for engineering design and study.