Abstract. Size effect, referring to mechanical properties of materials change with the geometry changes, is the basic characteristic of brittle and quasi-brittle materials. Researches show that for the concrete material, compressive strength, split tensile strength and tensile strength decrease with the size of components increases, for RC structures, size effect also exists. The development and current situation in size effect are presented from three aspects, including concrete, RC members and the application of the code. And then, the developing trends of size effect of RC members are proposed.