A Multi-Objective Optimization Method for Coordinated Control
In this paper, to overcome the limitations of the weighted combination and single objective optimization methods, we presented a multi-objective optimization and simulation methodology for network-wide traffic signal control. A multi-objective genetic algorithm based on Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II was given to solve the model directly to obtain Pareto optimal solution set. The objectives were evaluated by Enhanced Cell Transmission Model used to describe traffic dynamics on signalized urban road network. The results showed that the single objective optimization method made some of the objectives worsen when the objective to be optimized reaching optimal, and that the weighted combination optimization method gained a compromised solution, but the multi-objective optimization method gave consideration to more objectives, making the number of optimal or suboptimal ones is more than that of worse ones.
Y. F. Gao et al., "A Multi-Objective Optimization Method for Coordinated Control", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 97-98, pp. 942-946, 2011