Twelve PVC tubed short concrete columns and four columns without PVC tube confined were tested under axial load to investigate mechanical properties of axially loaded PVC tubed short concrete columns . The principal influencing factors such as concrete strength, loading condition and ratio of height to diameter were studied. Test results indicated that strength and deformation performance of core concrete increased as a result of the confinement of PVC tube. The PVC tube confinement effect on concrete will decrease with an increase in strength of concrete. Load- carrying capacity and deformation of short composite columns with different loading condition made some difference. As the ratio of height to diameter increases, load- carrying capacity and plasticity of short composite columns decreased gradually.