Acoustic Emission Monitoring of Leaks in Pipes for Transport of Liquid and Gaseous Media: A Model Experiment
In order to explore potential applications for Active Fiber Composite (AFC) elements made from piezoelectric fibers for structural integrity monitoring, a model experiment for leak testing on pipe segments has been designed. A pipe segment made of aluminum with a diameter of 60 mm has been operated with gaseous (compressed air) and liquid media (water) for a range of operating pressures (between about 5 and 8 bar). Artificial leaks of various sizes (diameter) have been introduced. In the preliminary experiments presented here, commercial Acoustic Emission (AE) sensors have been used instead of the AFC elements. AE sensors mounted on waveguides in three different locations have monitored the flow of the media with and without leaks. AE signals and AE waveforms have been recorded and analysed for media flow with pressures ranging from about 5 to about 8 bar. The experiments to date show distinct differences in the FFT spectra depending on whether a leak is present or not.
R. Pullin, K.M. Holford, S.L. Evans and J.M. Dulieu-Barton
A. J. Brunner and M. Barbezat, "Acoustic Emission Monitoring of Leaks in Pipes for Transport of Liquid and Gaseous Media: A Model Experiment", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 13-14, pp. 351-356, 2006