Analytical and Numerical Analysis on the Collapse Mode of Circular Masonry Arches
In this paper, an analytical and numerical analysis on the collapse mode of circular masonry arches is presented. Specific reference is made to the so-called Couplet-Heyman problem of finding the minimum thickness necessary for equilibrium of a masonry arch subjected to its own weight (Heyman 1977). The note reports the results of an on-going research project at the University of Bergamo. First, analytical solutions are derived in the spirit of limit analysis, according to the classical three Heyman hypotheses and explicitly obtained in terms of the unknown angular position of the intrados hinge at the haunch, the minimum thickness to radius ratio and the non-dimensional horizontal thrust (Colasante 2007, Cocchetti et al. 2010). Results are then compared to Heyman solution. Though only the first of these three characteristics is perceptibly influenced in engineering terms, especially at increasing opening angle of the arch, the treatment settles an important conceptual difference on the use of the true line of thrust, along the line of Milankovitch work. Second, numerical simulations by the Discrete Element Method (DEM) in a Discontinuous Deformation Analysis (DDA) computational environment are provided, to further support the validity of the obtained solutions, with good overall matching of the obtained results (Rusconi 2008, Rizzi et al. 2010).
Xianglin Gu and Xiaobin Song
E. Rizzi et al., "Analytical and Numerical Analysis on the Collapse Mode of Circular Masonry Arches", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 133-134, pp. 467-472, 2010