Retrofitting and moving protection for historical buildings have vital historical and cultural value for they concern both the development of human society material civilization and the continuation of human cultural heritage. Jinan City is ranked among the second group historic and cultural cities of China, where has many valuable historical buildings. The urban construction advances by leaps and bounds in Jinan City since the nineties, which brings tremendous challenge for the protection of historical buildings. The state of the art of protection and retrofitting for the historical buildings in Jinan City is summarized. Three protection schemes, namely in situ retrofitting and minimum distance moving protection as well as long distance moving protection, are adopted in Jinan City. Six finished protective projects are discussed from a structure viewpoint. Retrofitting and monolithic moving techniques are presented for different historical buildings according to the style and features as well as requirements, and also the pivotal techniques for improving aseismatic performance are suggested. Some retrofitting details as to members are also introduced. This will be helpful for the protection of historical buildings.