Applying Element-Free Galerkin Method to Simulate Die Forging Problems
The analysis for die forging forming problems with finite element method can lose considerable accuracy due to severely distortional meshes. The element-free Galerkin method is suitable for large deformation analysis and provides a higher rate of convergence than that of the conventional finite element methods. A rigid-plastic meshless method based on the element-free Galerkin method has been applied to die forging problems. The arc-tangent friction model is used to handle frictional contact and the penalty method is applied to impose the volumetric incompressibility conditions. By dividing all integration points set into the point subset of the rigid zones and the point subset of the plastic zones, nonsmoothness of the rigid-plastic constitutive relation can be eliminated. A die forging example has been analyzed to demonstrate the performance of the method.
Liangchi Zhang, Chunliang Zhang and Tielin Shi
D. Li et al., "Applying Element-Free Galerkin Method to Simulate Die Forging Problems", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 139-141, pp. 1174-1177, 2010