Effects of N Content on Microstructure and Properties of SAF2906 Casting Super Duplex Stainless Steel after Cryogenic Treatment
SAF2906 is a new kind of super duplex stainless steel, and more corrosion-resistant and strong than SAF2507, suitable to be used in the low temperature and corrosion conditions. In order to prevent the occurrence of microstructure changes resulting in the property deterioration, in the general, the castings made for SAF2906 should be cryogenically treated before they are used in the ultra low conditions. N is an alloying element, usually added to stainless steels to increase the material properties. So, In this paper, the effects of N content on microstructure, mechanical and corrosion resistance properties of SAF2906 casting super duplex stainless steel (SDSS) after cryogenic treatment were studied by means of Optical Microscope(OM), X-ray Diffraction(XRD) and electrochemical workstation. The results indicate that N can increase the amount of γ phase according to a linear relationship of Φ(γ)=99.4×w(N)+6.16. When N content is low or medial, γ phase can precipitate from ferrite. When N content is high, γ phase does not precipitate from ferrite and is converted directly from ferrite and austenite grain boundaries. The higher N content, the greater tensile strength and elongation, the better corrosion resistance. Compared with solution state, cryogenic treatment can improve corrosion resistance.
Liangchi Zhang, Chunliang Zhang and Tielin Shi
H. L. Xiang et al., "Effects of N Content on Microstructure and Properties of SAF2906 Casting Super Duplex Stainless Steel after Cryogenic Treatment", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 139-141, pp. 670-676, 2010